Breeding

Wed
06
Dec

Pre-Breeding Evaluation of the Mare

Pre-Breeding Evaluation of the Mare

Initially some understanding of normal expectations of fertility are useful:

For Thoroughbred mares in the UK the pregnancy rate has increased from a low of 61.2% in 1971 to a high of 72.4% in 1989 (date of pregnancy determination not specified). Similarly, the live foal rate has increased from a low of 53% in 1971 to a high of 66% in 1989 (Ricketts and Young, 1990). For the Hunter Improvement Scheme the current live foal rate is around 60%. Ponies tend to have better rates.

Pregnancy rates at the end of the season will depend on: (1) the fertility of the stallion; (2) the fertility of mares; (3) and the management of the pregnant mare.

Wed
06
Dec

How to breed the highly susceptible mare in practice

How to breed the highly susceptible mare in practice

This will focus on a personal approach to the practical problem of management of the highly susceptible mare which the author has found to work well in daily veterinary practice The objective of the veterinarian and breeding farm owner/ manager should be to produce the maximum number of live, healthy foals from mares bred during the previous season. We could add 'as early as possible' to this in many breeding programs. One of the main obstacles to this goal is the mare which is susceptible to recurrent acute endometritis following breeding.

Management of the Susceptible Mare

Ultrasound evaluation of the uterus for the detection of intraluminaluterine fluid is very useful.

Sun
22
Oct

The Contribution of the Sport Horse Industry to the Irish Economy

The Contribution of the Sport Horse Industry to the Irish Economy 2017

Michael Creed, T.D., Minister for Agriculture, Food and the Marine, has launched an important report authored by Alison Corbally and Professor Alan G. Fahey entitled “The Contribution of the Sport Horse Industry to the Irish Economy 2017.” The report highlights the importance of the Sport Horse sector and the fact that it accounted for expenditure of €816 million and supported over 14,000 full time job equivalents in 2016. The Irish Sport Horse industry impacts the livelihoods of residents of every county in Ireland.
 
This industry, uniquely provides significant employment and expenditure throughout the whole country.  This is evidenced by the fact that over 60% of breeders are located in the west and south-western counties, where significant employment is so important to the maintenance of rural communities. The breeding sector is of course the bedrock on which the production, competition and leisure sectors are based.
 

Tue
10
Oct

Danish Warmblood - in Warmbloods Today

Danish Warmblood Headquarters

The American magazine, Warmbloods Today recently published an article on the Danish Warmblood from the North American branch, NADWA

The   logo   of   the   Danish   Warmblood Studbook  symbolizes  a  kingdom  surrounded  by  the  sea.  This  very  small country  in northern  Europe  has  provided  the  international  equestrian  scene  with  top  sport  horses  through several decades and plays a rapidly growing role on the international breeding scene. Let’s take a closer look at the small studbook that has the wind in its sails.

Wed
27
Sep

How genetics can create the next superstar racehorse

 Studying the genetic makeup of successful horses is becoming crucial to breeding thoroughbreds. Photograph: Tom Jenkins

In the glorious sunshine of Andrew Lloyd Webber's stud farm Watership Down, overlooked by rolling pastures, retired millionaire Dr Philip Brown is inspecting his investment.
Her name is Darysina and even to an uneducated eye she is something special. Standing quietly next to a paddock gate she is sleek, muscular and even tempered. She oozes quality.
 

Sat
23
Sep

International Sport Horse Data for Genetic Evaluation

International Sport Horse Data for Genetic Evaluation

The aim of this thesis was to evaluate international sport horse data for use in genetic evaluations both within populations and between populations. An initial review showed that most sport horse producing breed organisations have created young horse testing schemes.

Due to moderate to high heritabilities and highly positive genetic correlations with competition results later in life these tests are good tools for selection and suitable for use in genetic evaluations. Efficiency in testing and selection could be improved by including both sexes in young horse tests where this is not yet done, and by shortening tests, where long test periods are practised.

Wed
23
Aug

Breeding Guidelines in the Hanoverian Horse

Hanoverian Horse Logo

For a few years now the Hanoverian association in Germany has formulated guidelines for planning and realizing strategic goals. These guidelines describe the course of a decision process and, at the same time, they serve as a foundation for a discussion on how to realize definite measures. The international and national expansion of the association was prepared in accordance with this method.

Departmental heads of the association define these guidelines in cooperation with the executive board. The discussion about how to formulate the guidelines has already proven helpful. All involved parties share from which angle they view the issue. The result of this mutual understanding is that all parties speak a uniform language when discussing the strategic goals. Until now this method has only been applied to structural goal setting and marketing question. Because of the positive experiences this system will now also be applied to breeding issues.

Sun
20
Aug

Infertility in the Mare – The Challenge in the Equine Breeding Industry

Most major infertility problems are complex and several factors can cause failure to produce offspring. In the last few years, much of the efforts of practitioners and researchers working in equine breeding industry have been directed to individuate the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying poor reproductive performances in mares.

Endometritis is on the talk in much of the recent research as the most frequent cause of subfertility in mares that cycle normally but do not conceive and in mares that cycle normally and conceive but then suffer early embryonic death.
Post-breeding persistent endometritis, bacterial and other infective endometritis and poor uterine clearance have all been discussed in an attempt to define risk factors and a diagnostic algorithm.

Tue
08
Aug

Evaluation of Stallions Based on Linear Description of Their Daughters

The purpose of our work was an objective evaluation of mares of the Czech warmblood horse based on the linear description, as well as the evaluation of the benefits of stallion breeding based on the linear description of their daughters and – for specific stallions – the evaluation of certain individual exterior traits which are passed on by stallions to their offspring.

Stallion  horses  with  at  least  7  descendants  were  used  for  the  evaluation  and  determination  of the values, mares which underwent a linear description of traits at the age of 3 years. For this evaluation we used available data from the year 1996 to 2012, a total including 251 stallions and 4709 mares and more than 500 000 records related to the linear description.

Tue
08
Aug

Evaluation of the Exterior of Sport Horses

judging hanoverian horses

The evaluation of the exterior of horses has always played a significant role in the breeding. It presents valuable conclusions about the quality and the use already in young horses and thus gives an indication on the value of the horse (and its offspring) as a riding horse in the respective disciplines.

Evaluating horses is not exactly a science. Criteria on how a good riding horse should be constructed were developed through the experience of many generations of horse experts. This manifests the absence of an ulterior motive in the evaluation of horses. We clearly strive to breed a typy horse, however the evaluation of the exterior focuses on the functionality of a horse more so than on its beauty.

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